REVIEW: The Royal Ballet’s ‘Medusa’ mixed bill – Cinemas worldwide, May 2019


The Royal Ballet confidently dances distinctive works from three leading contemporary choreographers in the Medusa mixed bill: Within the Golden Hour / Medusa / Flight Pattern.


Medusa is a brand new narrative work from acclaimed Belgian choreographer Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui. Created on the Royal Ballet, with Natalia Osipova in the title role, it is his first commission for the company.

Cherkaoui draws on his training in ballet, hip-hop, tap, jazz and flamenco to devise dance for an impressive range of performers. His eclectic style means he is in demand with major ballet companies and major pop stars alike. He is artistic director of Royal Ballet of Flanders; artistic director of his own contemporary dance company, Eastman; and an associate artist at Sadler’s Wells.

Within the Golden Hour, choreographed by Christopher Wheeldon, is an abstract ballet devised for San Francisco Ballet in 2008 and first performed by the Royal Ballet in 2006.

Wheeldon trained at the Royal Ballet School before joining the Royal Ballet in 1991. He later moved to New York City Ballet where he was promoted to soloist before becoming the company’s first resident choreographer. Wheeldon, who was made an OBE in 2016, is now artistic associate of the Royal Ballet and regularly choreographs for leading international companies.

Flight Pattern was Canadian choreographer Crystal Pite’s first work for the Royal Ballet. When this large-scale ensemble piece exploring the plight of refugees premiered in 2017, it was the company’s first new mainstage work by a woman in eighteen years.

Pite is a former member of Ballet British Columbia and William Forsythe’s Frankfurt Ballet. Her professional choreographic debut was in 1990, at Ballet British Columbia, and she has since created more than fifty works. Pite is the recipient of three Olivier awards, including one in 2017 for Flight Pattern.


Broadcasting performances such as the Medusa mixed bill in cinemas makes it possible for audiences outside London to experience exceptional dance. Long may the creation, and widespread consumption, of ballet continue – I love being able to pop to my local cinema to watch the Royal Ballet in action!


Medusa mixed bill


Within the Golden Hour 

Within the Golden Hour is a shimmering spectacle of neoclassical abstraction. Seemingly set during the hazy period just before sunset, this wistful ballet moves fluidly between a series of distinctive duets and effective ensemble sections.

Wheeldon’s choreography is pretty and playful. Throughout this joyous piece, he reimagines classical ballet steps with striking contemporary influences and undertones of ballroom dancing. The sparkling movement is an exquisite, poetic response to the easy-on-the-ear soundscape. It’s an original orchestral score composed by Ezio Bosso and featuring music by Antonio Vivaldi.

A total of fourteen dancers are costumed in gently glimmering designs by Jasper Conran and illuminated by Peter Mumford’s gorgeous warm lighting.

At the beginning of Within the Golden Hour, all the dancers fan out across the stage to produce intricate patterns and groupings that display the pure beauty of movement. Graceful lifts, airy jumps, elaborate turns. The gathering feels like a divine celebration.

Soon, three featured couples (Beatriz Stix-Brunell and Vadim Muntagirov, Francesca Hayward and Ryoichi Hirano, Sarah Lamb and Alexander Campbell are all ravishing) each take to an otherwise empty stage to dance their own attractively quirky pas de deux.

A few further dazzling displays later, and all fourteen artists return to dance us into darkness. As the curtain lowers, their perpetual motion leaves us wanting more.


Medusa mixed bill. The Royal Ballet dancing Christopher Wheeldon's Within the Golden Hour.



Medusa is a bold narrative ballet about injustice and the abuse of power. It is a highly-stylised interpretation of the Greek myth, set to orchestral vocal compositions by Henry Purcell and electronic music by Olga Wojciechowska.

Priestess Medusa is a beautiful young maiden who serves at the temple of virgin goddess Athena. One day, when Medusa is worshipping at the temple alone, sea god Poseidon forces himself upon her. This incurs the wrath of Athena for desecrating the temple.

Unable to punish the rapist because he is a god, Athena directs her fury against the human victim and turns Medusa into a hideous monster. Medusa’s hair is transformed into writhing snakes and she is cursed with a petrifying power: anyone who meets her gaze will turn to stone.

Cherkaoui construes Medusa’s metamorphosis into a monster as an act of both punishment and empowerment. Yes, Medusa loses her beauty and her place at the temple. But what Athena ultimately attributes to Medusa is power. Power over Poseidon and all men who may cross her.


Medusa. Natalia Osipova, Olivia Cowley and artists of The Royal Ballet in Medusa, choreographed by Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui, 2019.


The title role was created on Russian ballerina Natalia Osipova and there is no doubt that she is a powerful principal. As Medusa the priestess, Osipova is fragile. As Medusa the monster, Osipova is fierce. As a dancer, Osipova is fearless – she commits body and soul to the choreography and character. She is expressive and overflowing with emotion.

Unfortunately, at times, the storytelling in this ballet seems to fade, and all that emotion almost falls flat. Cherkaoui combines a stately, unhurried, narrative pace with the two contrasting musical styles to give his Medusa an otherworldly quality. This is befitting of a myth but perhaps means some of the drama blurs so much that its significance wanes.

Choreographically, Cherkaoui uses tasteful movement and clever counterbalances to elegantly convey distress during the pas de deux when Poseidon rapes Medusa. Later, serpentine references (including swivelling wrists, thrashing arms and lethal long legs assertively unfurling) give Medusa an unmistakable sensuousness and aggression. It is all very artistic, and the story is communicated, but it sometimes feels a bit like the narrative thread is slithering away.

Fortunately, Osipova is such an intense and captivating performer that she can carry the ballet – while carrying off something of a bad hair day. What should be a head of writhing, hissing snakes looks more like a helmet covered in pipe-cleaners. Still, even wearing this interesting headpiece, Osipova’s technique and presence is enough to have you sat, still as a stone statue, on the edge of your seat and gazing at her in admiration.

Alongside outstanding Osipova, Olivia Cowley is alluring and full of cool authority as virgin goddess Athena. Likewise, Ryoichi Hirano is muscular and menacing as Poseidon.

At times, Medusa is slightly unsettling; the ending left me wondering whether the title character is asking us to forgive her monstrosities or seek further revenge on her behalf. Still, overall, Medusa is a thoughtful, aesthetic and compelling ballet that incorporates a fresh movement style.


Medusa contains moderate, stylised physical threat and discreet sex references. It is not generally suitable for children under the age of twelve.


Medusa mixed bill. Medusa. Natalia Osipova and artists of The Royal Ballet in Medusa, choreographed by Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui, 2019.


Flight Pattern

Flight Pattern is a deeply affecting ensemble work, danced to sombre music from Henryk Górecki’s Symphony of Sorrowful Songs.

Pite describes this poignant and passionate piece as her response to the refugee crisis. It is her way of making sense of the everyday mass exodus of people.

She compellingly captures the plight of refugees and the displacement of communities by having thirty-six dancers move in impersonal unison. This distressing collective of shaking, swaying, staggering bodies creates an overwhelming sense of immense scale on the Royal Opera House stage.

Pain and unhappiness ripples through the crowd as three rows of dancers navigate their way through semi-darkness, despondently traipsing into the unknown. Later, an anguished pas de deux focuses our attention on the intense emotions of two grief-stricken individuals.


Medusa mixed bill. Kristen McNally and Marcelino Sambé in Crystal Pite's Flight Pattern.


Flight Pattern is beautiful and sad. It is art at its most human. It implores us to never lose our compassion, whatever the conflict. The sheer scale of the work – the patterns and use of space – is probably best appreciated viewed from a seat in the Royal Opera House but the cinema screening grants us the best seats in the house for detecting detail (including facial expressions).

The choreography comprises grounded, emotionally-driven movement. This is contemporary dance with neoclassical influences, not ballet as we know it. Watching, we are engulfed with feelings of crushing confusion and extreme exhaustion. We witness restlessness, trepidation, sadness and regret as the bodies onstage are funnelled through a bleak state of limbo into an uncertain future.

Pite enables us to directly connect with just one personal story: the story of a mother’s loss. The dancers are all costumed in drab grey trousers, vests and coats. One by one, they remove their coats, handing them to a lone female dancer (the remarkable dance-actress Kristen McNally) who collapses under the weight of them.

In a heartrending passage, the distraught McNally cradles her own coat as if it is a baby. She dances a tormented solo and a male dancer (Marcelino Sambé) tries to comfort her but is overcome with his own heartache. Their silent suffering is deafening.


Medusa mixed bill. The Royal Ballet performing Crystal Pite's Flight Pattern.


* Medusa mixed bill production photography by Tristram Kenton (courtesy of the Royal Opera House).



Running time: The Medusa mixed bill lasts approximately 2 hours 50 minutes, including two intervals.


Within the Golden Hour (35 minutes)
Interval (30 minutes)
Medusa (40 minutes)
Interval (30 minutes)
Flight Pattern (35 minutes)


A recording of the live Medusa mixed bill will be screened in selected cinemas until Sunday 11 

The Live Cinema Season continues with Romeo and Juliet on Tuesday 11 June 2019.



Georgina Butler is an editor, a dance writer and a ballet teacher.

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